Benefits of Urban Parks, A Systematic Review 2013

Compiling and dissemination of sound, science-based arguments for developing and managing better parks for better cities, with focus on the benefits that parks provide to urban societies: is a key product - the Benefits of Urban Parks, A Systematic Review 2013. A significant report, the Benefits of Urban Parks, A Systematic Review 2013, was conducted by Prof. Cecil C. Knoniknendijk MD, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; Dr. Anders Busse Nielsen, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences; and Sreetheran Maruthaveeran MSc. University of Copenhagen and Forest Research Institute Malaysia; and published by Copenhagen and Alnarp, January 2013.

This report was based on a meta study of 225 studies on parks benefits. The focus of the report was to document current scientific evidence for urban park benefits and determine the level of evidence from weak, moderate or strong. The report comprised a meta-study of 225 studies on parks benefits. 

Urban Park Benefit Number of Studies  Level of Supporting Scientific Evidence 
Biodiversity 62  Strong
Health & Wellbeing 86  Moderate to Strong 
House Prices 23 Moderate to Strong
Cooling 24  Moderate to Strong 
Air Quality & Carbon Sequestration 11  Weak to Moderate 
Water Management Weak 
Tourism  Weak 
Social Cohesion  Weak 


There has been a positive response on the report- including media releases in several countries. The report's findings have been presented at a large number of events, including IFPRA's European Congress, the European Forum on urban Forestry in both Leipzig and Milan, and national green space conferences in Sweden and Norway. Key findings have also been included in a number of other presentations, e.g. at the annual congress of the International Society of Arboriculture in Toronto and in lectures to landscape architecture and other students in various countries. The work has also resulted in a number of magazine articles, as well as two peer-reviewed scientific articles. One of these, on the biodiversity component of the work, has been published in the journal Urban Ecosystems, while the 2nd (on health impacts) is currently under review with the journal Health and Place.